NASA has evolved an unconventional novel spectroscopy apparatus to help the probe for extraterrestrial life. The novel instrument is intended to perceive compounds and minerals connected with biological commotion more speedily and with considerable susceptibility than earlier apparatuses. Inspite of the fact that no proof of life exterior of Earth has yet been discovered contemplating for proof of present or past life on other planets perpetuates to be a vital part of the NASA Planetary Exploration Program.
Researchers at NASA Langley Research Center and the University of Hawaii devised the new instrument which refines on a logical methodology known as micro Raman spectroscopy. This technology utilizes the cooperation between laser light and a specimen to offer chemical composition data on a microscopic scale. It can perceive organic compounds such as the amino acids instituted in living things and distinguish minerals created by biochemical procedures on earth that may specify life on other planets.
Nurul Abedin of NASA Langley Research Center, who led the research team, said that the apparatus they possess is the most fostered Raman spectrometers ever expanded. It conquers some of the chief limitations of more customary micro Raman instruments and is depicted to serve a consummate apparatus for prospective undertakings that make use of rovers or landers to traverse the surface of Mars or Jupiter’s icy Europa moon.
The researchers also delineate that their novel system which they address as the standoff ultra-compact micro Raman (SUCR) instrument is the premiere to execute micro-Raman analysis of samples 10 centimeters away from the instrument with 17.3-micron resolution. The new spectrometer is remarkably swifter than other micro Raman instruments and exceedingly succinct. These attributes are vital for space applications and could also assemble the instrument skillful for real-time biomedical and food analyses.