The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), an American space agency sent the Cassini probe in to the orbit, which took it right through a narrow cavity between the D-ring, an innermost visible ring and simultaneously so close to the Saturn, as it ran through an outer parts of atmosphere of the planet.
According to the plan, on the 15th of September, Cassini was put down into the Saturn’s gas masses and burned up, while Cassini has made 22 such orbits. Most of the instruments on the board, during all of the orbits have made deep measurements.
Developed in Sweden, the Langmuir probe flown to Saturn by the Cassini probe has exposed some most exciting discoveries in the planet’s atmosphere.
Jan-Erik Wahlund, a leading and responsible investigator of the Langmuir probe on Cassini from the Swedish Institute of Space Physics, a Swedish government agency in Uppsala, with his colleagues have shown that there is a powerful chemical and electrical coupling between the Saturn’s atmosphere and its rings. The findings of the research have been published in the Science journal.
Scientific findings have now started taking shapes, while the findings obtained from Swedish instrument became the first to be released in the most prominent journal Science.
The Swedish instrument, being called as Langmuir probe has been developed in the Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala. Since, the Saturn’s upper atmosphere is primarily consists and charged with hydrogen and ions of hydrogen.
Jan-Erik Wahlund said in a statement that, “The first results are surprising. It is as though the small ice particles in the D-ring suck up electrons from the ionosphere. As a result of the coupling, electrical flows of gas to and from the rings along the magnetic field of Saturn cause the greatest variations in density.”