Most of the greatest breakthroughs in the chemical industry have been introduced either through accidents or by people hunting the solution for something to work. Some of those breakthroughs belong to the world of chemistry, while others are the cores of chemistry that combine concepts of science and physics. Since, chemistry is the captivating and countlessly complex domain.
Chemistry appeared since long back from the alchemy pseudoscience of the ancient world, in which the secret practitioners combined the symbolic mysticism with somewhat scientific methods with intension to hunt for the elixir of life and the expertise to turn the material in to gold.
Humans have been maneuvering and altering the natural substances and matters such as iron, gold, tin and copper for hundreds of thousands of years. Also the fire utilization is one of the applications of chemistry, as heat and light are produced as a byproduct of the ignition reaction.
So, without more ado, let’s jump to the five most ingenious inventions in chemistry that have shaped this modern world.
Penicillin has been saving humans’ lives as without it a pierce of sore or thorn can easily become severe. Generally, the credit of penicillin goes to Alexander Fleming, when he popularly experimented the way that the mold grew on his petri dishes defeat the development of surrounding bacteria.
The extensive production of penicillin occurred in 1944, when a chemical engineer, Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau observed the Florey’s Heath Robinson-esque design and turned it in to a comprehensive production.
- Haber Bosch Process:
Nitrogen has a vital role in the biochemistry of each of living creature. Also it is the most general gas in the earth’s atmosphere. But, it doesn’t like to react in many cases. This means that animals and plant can’t extract it through the air. Hence, the major restricting factor in the agriculture field is being the provenance of nitrogen.
Polythene is the most commonly used plastic material in major applications from pipes of water to hardhats and food packages. Around 88s tons of polythene get produced every year, which is the discovery peeped out through some accidents.
- The Pill:
Physicians in 1930 understood the power for therapies based on hormone to the cancer treatment, contraception and menstrual disorders. But treatments and researches were pulled back by inefficient and extremely time consuming methods to synthesize hormones.
- This Screen:
Invention of amazing flat-screen color display incredibly dates back to 1960. The British Ministry of Defense planned to have the flat screens instead of expensive and bulky cathode ray tubes used in the military vehicles, for they set the idea with liquid crystals. That time the world already knew that liquid crystal display (LCD) was possible, but the issue was that they worked only in very high temperatures.